Neiva is the capital of Huila department, in Colombia. It is located between the Central and Eastern Cordillera, in a plain on the eastern margin of the Magdalena River, in the valley of the same name; Crossed by the river Las Ceibas and the Río del Oro.
It is one of the main cities in southern Colombia, it is the connection port for the cities of Florence, Mocoa, Popayán and Pasto. It is the axis of the economy of the departments of Huila, Caquetá and Putumayo.
As the capital of the department, Neiva is the administrative capital of Huila, the Departmental Assembly, the Administrative Court of Huila, the General Prosecutor's Office, the Departmental Comptroller's Office, the Regional Procurator's Office, the National Tax and Customs Directorate, the Metropolitan Area, the North Subregion, the Autonomous Regional Corporation of the Alto Magdalena and other institutions and organisms of the State; as well as the Surcolombiana University, the Caja de Compensación Familiar del Huila and the Chamber of Commerce. It is also the headquarters for Electrohuila, and Molinos Roa. It is the episcopal seat of the Diocese of Neiva.
Its metropolitan area has a very dynamic economy based on ecotourism, gastronomy, industry and commerce. It is one of the Colombian conurbations not yet official but existing de facto in the north of the department of Huila. Its satellite municipalities are Rivera, Palermo, Tello, Baraya, Aipe, Villavieja and Campoalegre. It has 485,290 inhabitants.